2. What Causes Fibromyalgia
The exact cause of Fibromyalgia is still unknown but there have been a number of factors to consider.
Chemical Imbalances: Low levels of hormones may be a key factor in the cause of Fibromyalgia, as they're important in regulating things such as mood.
Abnormal Pain Messages: The central nervous system (brain, spinal cord and nerves) transmits information all over your body through a network of specialised cells. Changes in the way this system works may explain why Fibromyalgia results in constant feelings of, and extreme sensitivity to pain.
Genetics: One may ask ‘is fibromyalgia hereditary?. Well currently, Fibromyalgia is considered to result from an interaction between genetic factors and environmental factors. We could also say that due to genetics many people may be predisposed to Fibromyalgia, and they develop their condition after some sort of trigger. Possible triggers involved may be: injury, a viral infection, a conceived or real threat against self such as operation, break-up, being in an abusive relationship, and even death of a loved one.
Trauma and Stress: When the stress response is over activated during childhood, it becomes hypervigilant and has difficulty maintaining balance in adulthood. Fibromyalgia and irritable bowel syndrome are two examples of hypervigilant neurological responses. Normal stimuli such as wind blowing in the face or clothing rubbing against the skin can produce painful sensations in those with Fibromyalgia, illustrating an exaggerated pain response.
Anger: An interesting study conducted in 2010 shows that repressed anger can heighten symptoms of Fibromyalgia. The European Journal of Pain conducted a 28-day study involving 333 older women with Fibromyalgia (average age 47). The study aimed to examine whether anger during the everyday life of someone with Fibromyalgia amplified pain and whether repressing anger or expressing anger had a link to the level of pain they experienced. The researchers found out that the trait anger was related to experiencing heightened chronic pain.